Donate | Expedition Leader Biraj Shrestha | Biraj's Story | Meet The Team |
Expedition Activities | Why Frogs | Mission Of The Expedition

Help us protect the beautiful stream frogs of Manaslu in Nepal’s remote Himalayas!

SAVE THE FROGS! seeks your help in raising $3,223 to fund a frog conservation initiative in the remote Himalayas of Nepal. SAVE THE FROGS! Task Force Member Biraj Shrestha will be returning to the Manaslu Conservation Area in March 2017 for a three week research expedition into some of the world’s most dangerous montane amphibian habitats. The "SAVE MANASLU’S FROGS! Research Expedition" is the first expedition of its kind and we are depending on your generous donation to ensure the success of this expedition. Further down this page, you can read about the specifics of the expedition, learn about Manaslu's frog species, meet the expedition team members, and of course donate to make it all happen!

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Meet The Expedition Leader, SAVE THE FROGS! Task Force Member Biraj Shrestha

Biraj is an avid amphibian lover from Nepal who has been actively involved in research and conservation of amphibians for more than five years. In 2013, Biraj became engaged with SAVE THE FROGS! as a volunteer and has expanded amphibian conservation efforts through holding annual Save The Frogs Day events in different regions of Nepal, winning multiple Save The Frogs Day grants to enable his educational activities. In 2016 he took part in and completed the SAVE THE FROGS! 90-Day Challenge. He currently serves on the SAVE THE FROGS! Task Force. Biraj is also a recipient of grants from the Rufford Small Grants Foundation and The Pollination Project. These grants have enabled Biraj to conduct amphibian research and education projects to save the frogs from extinction in the Manaslu Conservation Area. Biraj holds a Master’s degree in Environmental Science from Khwopa College (affiliated to Tribhuvan University) with a specialty in Biodiversity Conservation and Wildlife Management. With your financial assistance, Biraj will be leading the March 2017 SAVE MANASLU'S FROGS Research Expedition to the remote Himalayas.

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SAVE THE FROGS! Task Force Member Biraj Shrestha with a lovely Nanorana liebigii.

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Biraj Shrestha and the members of Resources Himalaya Foundation organized this Save The Frogs Day event in 2015.

Biraj’s Story

In 2012, I visited the Manaslu Conservation Area for the first time to carry out my dissertation on herpetological inventory as part of my Master’s degree requirement. Manaslu is characterized by gigantic mountains, including the eighth highest peak on earth, Mt. Manaslu (8,163 m). The region has glaciers, high altitude lakes, and rich biodiversity. I saw that the local communities hunt stream frogs, locally called paha. The frog’s meat is considered a local delicacy, free of cost, and is presumed to have health benefits. Hunting frogs is also considered a mode of recreation in remote villages. Local use of paha has been rampant in most of the mountainous regions of Nepal from time immemorial, which spells grave danger for frog survival as the Nepalese human population is growing rapidly.

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Biraj Shrestha (far right) organized this Save The Frogs Day event in Manaslu, Nepal in 2016.

To ameliorate the situation, I developed a research and conservation education project called ‘Saving Mountain Frogs (Paha) Before It’s Too Late; Conservation Effort at Manaslu Conservation Area, Gorkha District, Nepal’, which got funded by The Rufford Foundation (United Kingdom) in early 2016. Along with my team members I visited Manaslu in late spring 2016, and we did field work in six villages (Village Development Committees) and documented the presence of four amphibian species: Amolops formosus, Nanorana liebigii, Ombrana sikimensis and Duttaphrynus himalayanus. The first three are known as paha, and are often consumed by local communities at Manaslu.

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Hunting paha is a common activity in montane regions of Nepal.

Mission of the Expedition & Expedition Rationale

In March 2017, I will lead a month long expedition to the remote mountains of Manaslu Conservation Area (Gorkha district), western Nepal to do follow-up amphibian surveys and conduct conservation education programs at Manaslu. The mission of the expedition is to gather baseline information on Manaslu’s amphibian population, and to educate and empower local communities on amphibian conservation.

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Searching For Frogs

The SAVE MANASLU’S FROGS! Research Expedition will comprise a team of experts with skills in amphibian science, wildlife research, high altitude expeditions, photography and environmental conservation. We will hike the trails of Manaslu (17 days worth of trekking), crossing huge mountain passes separated by the strong currents of Budhi Gandaki River. The entry point is Jagat which is three days walk from Soti; to reach Soti it takes two days drive from the capital city, Kathmandu.

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The route to Sama Gau, Manasla Conservation Area

During our September 2016 expedition, on our fourth day of hiking, we were approaching the village of Tatopani when a huge landslide occurred right in front of our eyes. The landslide, caused by continuous rainfall, killed four people and left many trekkers wounded. Sadly, on top of the deaths we witnessed, we had to halt our journey as the landslide had blocked the route completely. But now we are ready to revisit Manaslu in March 2017 and resume our conservation endeavors. We are relying on your precious donations to make this expedition happen! Please donate and help us fund this expedition. Thank you!

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The buried trail where the Tatopani landslide killed four trekkers in September 2016.

Meet The Frogs

Amolops formosus got its name ‘Beautiful stream frog’ because of the design in mosaic of chromatophores at the dorsal surface of the olive to brown colored body. Its body is slender, with adhesive round digits, and it is often seen clinging to steep edges of cascades. It is mostly dependent upon streams and riparian habitats. This frog is distributed across an elevation range of 1,000-2,500m.

Amolops formosus
Amolops formosus

Nanorana liebigii is the most widely hunted paha across Nepal and is generally larger than other stream dwelling frogs. The males are characterized by the presence of black spiny tubercles at the ventral forelimbs that aid in reproduction. It has been recorded at elevations from 1,500-3,500m, usually inhabiting mountain brooks and depositing their eggs on the underside of stones.

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Nanorana liebigii photo by Biraj Shrestha

Ombrana sikimensis is a mountain-stream dependent species. They are often found in shallow water hiding under stones, between 1,000 to 2,000m elevation. Little is known about their ecology. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has placed its population status as rare and on decreasing trend.

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Ombrana sikimensis photo by Biraj Shrestha

Timeline Of The Expedition
March 1 - March 31, 2017

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The trail near Soti

Activities To Be Carried Out
•    We will conduct follow-up amphibian surveys at streams, agricultural farms, and forests in the Manaslu Conservation Area.
•    We will hold Amphibian Conservation Dissemination Workshops with local community at four out of seven villages (VDCs) in Manaslu Conservation Area, involving members from the Conservation Area Management Committee (CAMC), Anti Poaching Unit (APU), Forest Management Committee (FMC), students, teachers, and hotels.
•    We will distribute educational color posters to locals with paha conservation message in the native Nepali language.
•    We will establish Amphibian Conservation Groups (ACGs) to expand the environmental awareness of the public through discouraging paha hunting and use while spreading paha conservation message among the uniformed ones.
•    We plan to conduct Amphibian Educational Excursion with Amphibian Conservation Groups at local streams.
•    We will document the procedures of medicinal use, processing, storage and local food practice of paha in detail from Manaslu.

Please donate today and help us raise the $3,223 necessary to conduct this month long research expedition.

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Taking body length measurements on a frog.

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Save The Frogs Day presentation at Philim Sirdibas VDC.

Team Members

SAVE THE FROGS! Task Force Member and Expedition Leader Biraj Shrestha will be joined by wildlife researcher Naresh Kusi and photographer/researcher Sanej Prasad Suwal.

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Biraj Shrestha speaking at an elementary school in Lho, Nepal (3,500m above sea level).

Naresh Kusi
Naresh’s research interests include predator-prey dynamics in the higher Himalayas, floral investigations, and exploration of wildlife-tourism potential.

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Sanej Suwal restoring habitat.

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Waterfalls in Manaslu

Why Save The Frogs?
•    Tadpoles often help to clean the water by consuming organic debris, algae.
•    Frogs check the pest population that transfer disease to humans and also help control pests that infest crops. Thus they are regarded as the farmer’s friend.
•    Frogs hold a special role in the food web as they are an important source of food to fish, lizards, snakes, birds and few mammals.
•    Frogs are the bioindicators.
•    Frogs are BEAUTIFUL!

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An educational poster Biraj prepared to raise awareness of the environmental impact of paha hunting.

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Biraj speaking at in 2013 at the Save The Frogs Day event in Lalitpur organized by Resources Himalaya Foundation.

Donate Here To Fund The SAVE MANASLU'S FROGS Research Expedition!

Your Donation Is Critical To The Success Of This Expedition
This is the first fundraising initiative for SAVE THE FROGS! amphibian conservation efforts in Nepal. Please donate today! Share your amphibian love by supporting this project: we appreciate your generosity.

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With your generous assistance, this SAVE THE FROGS! research expedition will arrive at Manaslu with all the supplies needed to make this month long journey a success and return home safely.

Please share this page with your friends and colleagues, thank you!

You can also donate by mail: please make checks payable to SAVE THE FROGS! and mail to:
1968 S. Coast Hwy Suite 622
Laguna Beach, CA 92651

Together we can SAVE MANASLU'S FROGS!

In order to raise awareness for amphibians, SAVE THE FROGS! Volunteer and Event Organizer Biraj Shrestha organized an amazing Save The Frogs Day in Nepal! Read on to learn how this dedicated frog saver educated and inspired many in his country.

Community members gather together to SAVE THE FROGS!

"One of the oldest trekking routes, the ‘Manaslu Circuit’ pulls in large number of visitors (domestic and international) every year to enjoy breathtaking landscapes of the Himalayas, including Mt. Manaslu (8,163m) eighth highest peak of the world. South of the region starts with an elevation of around 1500 masl, giving rise to towering mountains and harboring in between several bio climatic zones. That has been crucial in allowing rich biodiversity of plants and animals to develop. The human civilization is as old as the hills with mixed ethnicity of people having Tibetan origins, Gurungs and Lamas. This is Manaslu Conservation Area that lies north of Gorkha District, western Nepal and has been managed by National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) since 1998."

Biraj speaks to the community about amphibian ecology and conservation

"Communities closer to nature often have utilized biological resources since time immemorial with their own set of presumed beliefs and their survival requirements. Stream frog, locally called ‘Paha’ is one among them that is widely hunted down for consumption in mountainous regions of Nepal. Manaslu is not even free from these deliberate killings of paha. Lower reaches of Manaslu - Sirdibas and Bihi villages have the dire problems of paha collection for local consumption from male members in the community. People opine it’s their unparalleled taste, protein supplement, medicinal benefits and recreational value that tempts them to wander nearby streams. In Nepal, paha hunting is one of the serious threats to already in jeopardy animals - FROGS! world wide. Biraj (long time volunteer for STF!) with his team from the support of SAVE THE FROGS!, Rufford Foundation and The Pollination Project set frogs conservation endeavor at Manaslu through research and education. His team celebrated 8th Annual Save The Frogs Day 2016 on April 30 at Philim, Sirdibas village, Manaslu Conservation Area with students, local community and MCA Project staffs."


"I gave the key note SAVE THE FROGS! speech and educated local community about amphibians, their diversity, distribution, status, habitat, ecological role, threats and our responsibility in saving them from extinction. We raised discussion on local threat to paha where women alleged males to have involved in paha collection from shallow streams. We held Frog Art Contest where students from the nearby school draw frogs over stone slates damaged from 2015’s deadliest Earthquake. We then organized Frog Race with other community people and saw fun filled faces in the school playground. We distributed eco-friendly prizes and gave certificates to best three contestants. Since it was the first time anybody came to their community with frog conservation messages, people had whale of a time and shown concern over negative consequence from paha hunting. This is probably a good start however needs a great deal of time and effort to discourage people from having frog’s meat."
- SAVE THE FROGS! Volunteer and Event Organizer Biraj Shrestha

Students and children create frog art on stone!



On Save The Frogs Day, the community played games to celebrate amphibians

Paha: The frog that is threatened by over-harvesting

The 9th Annual Save The Frogs Day is April 29th, 2017. Get active, get involved and help us SAVE THE FROGS!

Save The Frogs Day Award grantee Rajesh Jha organized a wonderful event at the Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve in Nepal. The event gathered over 100 students, biologists and community members who celebrated amphibians and brought further awareness towards their conservation.

Nepal Shuklaphanta wildlife Reserve